Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page The Brahma Sutra defines the thread of Life Force (Prana) by which all of the ritual and Uttara-Mimāṃsā by Badarayana which is called Brahma-Mimāṃsā or. The Vedanta Sutras of Badarayana, Commentary by Sankara (SBE 38), translated by George Thibaut [], at

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You can milk out of it various kinds of Rasas according to your intellectual calibre and spiritual experiences. The last Pada of the second chapter extracts and summarizes the theories of human body, sensory organs, action dutras and their relationship to Prana vital breath in the various Vedic Brahmanas and Upanishads.

Sri Vallabhacharya expounded his brayma of philosophy of Suddhadvaita pure monism and his commentary on the Brahma Sutras is known as Anu Bhashya. Views Read Edit View history.

The only source for the knowledge of this Brahman is the Sruti or the Upanishads. The second Brahmasutra chapter has been variously interpreted by various monist, theistic and other sub-schools of Vedanta.

And there is need of all workson account of the scriptural statement of sacrifices and the like; as in the case of the horse. The Brahmasutra text has Adhikaranas. According to Sri Nimbarkacharya, Brahman is considered as both the efficient and material cause of the world.

Brahma Sutras

Of this Mimamsa two branches have been recognised, bqdarayana Purva Mimamsa earlier and the Uttara Mimamsa the latter. The individuality of the finite self Jivatman is not dissolved even in the state of final emancipation.

This can be achieved by Bhakti devotion. Sankara has taken Brahman in His transcendental aspect, while Badaragana Ramanuja has taken Him chiefly in His immanent aspect. Hermann Jacobi badaraysna early 20th century suggested that Madhyamaka Buddhist concepts such as Sunyavadaacknowledged in the Brahma-sutras, may be a late invention, and suggests that both Sunyavada and Brahma-sutras may therefore have emerged between CE.


It is the cause of the evil that exists within the world. People were following blindly the rituals during the time of Sri Sankara. Advaita need bbrahma explain why a sutrss deity was motivated to create the world, nor why an all-loving God created a world with evil. Other scriptures Bhagavad Gita Agamas.

Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda. The Brahmasutra, states Sengaku Mayeda, distills and consolidates the extensive teachings found in a variety of Upanishads of Hinduism, summarizing, arranging, unifying and systematizing the Upanishadic theories. This is a great authority for every philosophical school in India. This page was last edited on 20 Decemberat They are clues or aids to memory.

Madhva, also known as Purnaprajna and Ananda Teertha []. This is the shortest chapter with 78 sutras and 38 adhikaranas.

This world is unreal. In reality there are no conflicts for the thinker. It deals with the knowledge portion. The last three sutras of the sufras 3 assert that a person, pursuing means to spiritual knowledge, should seek a childlike state of innocence, a psychological state that is free of anger, self-centeredness, pride and arrogance.

When he was preparing his commentary he had in view the purpose of combating the baneful effects which blind ritualism produced. Sutras are concise aphorisms. The individual soul of Ramanuja is really individual. There are more than fourteen commentaries on the Brahma Sutras. The appearance of this world is due to Maya-the illusory power of Brahman which is neither Sat nor Asat. They do not return to this world.

Brahma Sutras – Wikipedia

It is also the crucial philosophical issue within Advaita thought. Each chapter contains four Padas. All these schools are refuted here by Sri Sankara. Advaita philosophy is the most sublime and the grandest philosophy of the Hindus.


The work consists of 4 Adhyayas chapters16 Padas sectionsAdhikaranas topics and Sutras aphorisms. Then only it will be recognised. The phrase, ‘as in the case of the horse,’ supplies an illustration on the ground of suitability. Isvara or Saguna Brahman is a product of Maya.

You identify yourself with the body and say, ‘I am fair, dark, stout or thin.

The Vedanta Sutras of Badarayana: Third Adhyâya. Fourth Pâda.: III, 4, 26

If any Acharya brxhma to establish his own cult or sect or school of thought he will have to write a commentary of his own on Brahma Sutras. With reference to this point the present Sutra now remarks that knowledge has regard.

This Brahmasutra chapter asserts that all the Upanishads primarily aim and coherently describe the knowledge and meditation of Brahmanthe ultimate reality.

Many commentaries on the fundamental scripture of Vedanta, the Brahmasutrawere written by the founders or leading scholars of the various sects of Hinduism, and they are transmitted to this day as documents indispensable in the respective sectarian traditions. Mimamsa means the investigation or enquiry into the connected meaning of the sacred texts. On the Soul’s having attained the Highest light, there is manifestation of its real nature, as we infer from the word own.

Articles containing Sanskrit-language text All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November When the impurity has been removed, then knowledge begins to act. The soul remains in Vaikuntha for ever in a state of bliss and enjoys the divine Aisvarya of Lord Sytras.

Part of a series on Hindu scriptures and texts Shruti Smriti Vedas. They came out from the breath of Hiranyagarbha Lord Brahma.