Family Name: Costaceae. Synonyms: Costus cylindricus, Costus micranthus. Common Names: Indian Head Ginger, Spiked Spiralflag. Costus spicatus (Spiked Spiralflag Ginger) is a herbaceous, perennial plant up to 7 feet ( m) tall, that grows from rhizomes. It has. CONTEXT: Costus spicatus Swartz (Costaceae), commonly called “cana-do- brejo'” in Brazil’s northeast, is a medicinal plant found in wet coastal forests.
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This species has robust rhizomes that once established are This species has robust rhizomes that once established are very difficult to remove. This condition enables this species to colonize both disturbed and undisturbed natural areas Maas, ; Gaspard and Lyndon, ; Graveson, Oviedo Prieto et al. Costaceae is a family of flowering plants including 6 genera and species with Pantropical distribution Stevens, Species in the Costaceae can easily be recognized even vegetatively, from their ligulate leaves with a closed sheath that are arranged in a single spiral up the stem.
Their inflorescences are usually dense, spicate-capitate, and have large bracts, and their monosymmetric flowers have a large labellum and single stamen, the style running between the two halves of the large anther. The genus Costus is the largest in this family with approximately 90 species Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, ; Stevens, The English common names of C.
Plants up to 2. Calyx mm long. Corolla yellow to pink, cm long, glabrous, the tube 1 cm long, the lobes narrowly obovate, cm long. Labellum yellow, broadly oblong-obovate when spread out, 2. Stamen narrowly elliptic, cm long; anther mm long. Ovary mm long, sericeous or rarely glabrous.
Pharmacological activity of Costus spicatus in experimental Bothrops atrox envenomation.
Capsule ellipsoid, mm long; seeds black Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, It is often grown as an ornamental and medicinal herb, principally in tropical regions of the world. There are some discrepancies between sources as to the range, possibly due to confusion with other Costus species. However, the Panama Checklist has a note from Maas that the specimens cited in the Flora of Panama are actually Costus wilsonii, C.
Maas says that the name C. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status.
Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. For several islands in the West Indies, it is still unclear if this species is introduced or native as the type is from Martinique. For example, in Trinidad it first appears in a botanical study made in and since then it has been listed as both native and introduced on this island Joseph, Maasin a monograph of the genus, considers this species as native only to Hispaniola and the Lesser Antilles.
The species is reported by Oviedo Prieto et al. The risk of introduction of C.
Costus spicatus – Useful Tropical Plants
Introduction and spread of this species into new habitat is mostly dependent on human activity. In cooler zones, the foliage will die back to the ground in winter, but the rhizomes may survive to allow regeneration. It can grow in shaded conditions.
In St Lucia, this species represents a threat because it has invaded montane forests. Leaves, fruits, seeds and rhizomes are used in traditional medicine as diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anthelmictic, stimulant, and for the treatment of tumours Couly, ; Lars, ; Duke, ; USDA-ARS, In traditional West Indies medicine i. However, a recent study concluded that this treatment had no efficacy in treating obesity-induced hyperglycemia Keller et al. In Brazil, cataplasms of heated leaves of this species are used to treat kidney and bladder tumours Couly, ; Favro and Brebbia, Quintans Junior et al.
Maas gives a table comparing characteristics of C. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, volume Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. University of the West Indies. Cruz Mde la; Dirzo R, A survey of the standing levels of herbivory in seedlings from a Mexican rain forest.
Duke’s handbook of medicinal plants of Latin America. CRC Press, pp. Favro S; Brebbia CA, Flora of Panama, Gaspard MA; Lyndon J, Evaluation of Costus species and their use as indoor potted plants. World Checklist of Costaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Costus spicatus Roscoe Zingiberaceae. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2: Creole Remedies of Trinidad and Tobago.
Lulu Press Incorporated, pp. Flora Neotropica Monographs, 8: National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba – Structural and phytochemical aspect from vegetative part of Costus spicatus Jacq. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 15 3: Flora of Panama Checklist, Tropicos website.
Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of Costus spicatus in experimental animals. Pharmaceutical Biology, 48 Biological and ecological consequences of Diolcogaster sp. Braconidae parasitizing Agaraea minuta Lepidoptera: Arctiidae and the effects on two Costus Costaceae plant species in Brazil. Florida Entomologist, 95 4: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using.
More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Datasheet Costus spicatus spiked spiralflag ginger. Monocotyledonae Summary of Invasiveness C. Don’t need the entire report? Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.
Title Habit Caption Costus spicatus spiked spiralflag ginger ; habit.
Costus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger)
International Common Names English: Summary of Invasiveness Top of page C. Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page Costaceae is a family of flowering plants including 6 genera and species with Pantropical distribution Stevens, Description Top of page Plants up to 2.
Distribution Top of page C. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. History of Introduction and Spread Top of page C.
Risk of Introduction Top of page The risk of introduction of C. Habitat Top of page C. Biology and Ecology Top of page C. Soil Tolerances Top of page Soil reaction neutral Soil texture light medium.
Means of Movement and Dispersal Top of page C. Environmental Impact Top of page C. Spicztus Top of page C. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map.
Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Flora of Panama, ; Panama Checklist,